Now a days it’s common to see people complaining for weak bones which ultimately results in bone fractures including hip, wrist and vertebrate fractures. Osteoporosis is identified to be the major cause behind this miserable condition characterized initially by intense back pain, hunched posture with loss of height and frequent unexpected fractures even by bending or walking.
Above 53 million of Americans has been spotted with osteoporosis showing more prevalence among female population as one in two females has confirmed osteoporosis with diagnosis of low bone mass density.
Actually bone is a living tissue which continues to undergo renewal process as new bone cells come and replace old ones in this way bone mass is maintained. During childhood and youth bone renewal activity is at peak resulting in maximum bone mass gain but as ageing precede this activity of bone cell declines with an outcome of more bone loss and less buildup so it is likely that the more you gain bone mass during early 20’s the less you are suspected to osteoporosis.
Although ageing is an absolute process which confers low bone mass and ultimately cause osteoporosis but many other factors also play a contributing role to it. Some factors are definite thus unchangeable however others are changeable just little care, awareness and prevention is needed to in this area.
Unchangeable risk factors:
As described above age is unchangeable factor for osteoporosis because bone turnover and calcium deposition gradually declines after 30, other unchangeable factors include:
• Race: White people and Asians are on the target of osteoporosis.
• Sex: Women are 3 times more suspected than men due to menopause and few other reasons.
• Hereditary factor: If you have any first degree relative with such complain its mean you also have greater risk to develop it.
• Small body frame: People with small frame size are more likely to develop bone problems because they have low bone mass.
Type of Lifestyle:
Lifestyle choices are important at determining your risk of developing osteoporosis. Obviously healthy and active choices are ideal to maintain quality of life but there are some habits which puts your health at risk.
• Alcohol abuse: Excess of everything is bad same as the case with alcohol thus Health experts recommend nottaking more than two drinks per day to be at safe side.
• Smoking: We all heard from childhood that ”Smoking is injurious to health’’. Unfortunately still few of us smoke and addicted to it which makes bone weak and fragile.
• Less active lifestyle: Modern technologies and facilities lessons our activities thus makes us lazy. Additionally office workers who have to sit for long day compromise their health and increase their chances to get osteoporosis.
• Estrogen in Females: As a female reaches her menopause there is a sudden fall in her estrogen levels thus menopause doubles the chances of a female to get osteoporosis. Also age factor reduces the production of estrogen which is again an unchangeable factor for bone loss.
• Testosterone in Males: An important hormone ”testosterone” in males gradually starts reducing as they age which also compromise bone health.
• Thyroid Hormone: Maintained levels of thyroid hormones are essential for human health, any disturbance in it causes calcium imbalance which weakens bone making them more prone to fractures.
• Gastrointestinal (GIT) disorders: Gastro problems compromise ones nutrition making him more suspected to malnutrition. Apart from it, gastrointestinal surgeries which include stomach section reduces the surface area for nutrient absorption including calcium. This indirectly contributes to osteoporosis.umair
• Anorexia: Calcium is vital to bone health. Eating disorder like anorexia fails one to meet daily requirement of calcium which results in serious health consequences. In females, calcium deficiency cause irregular menstruation and in males it causes infertility.
• Inadequate calcium intake: People who fail to comply with adequate calcium intake suffer more from bone related problems. The recommended amount of calcium is 1000-1200mg/day. Dairy sources and green leafy vegetables provide enough calcium if consumed regularly.
Medications such as steroids also have bad impact on bone health. Some medical treatments are known to interfere with bone remodeling like cancer treatments, transplants and gastric surgeries.
One should aware of his/her risk of developing osteoporosis and should take precautionary measures to avoid negative outcomes. Especially young women and aged people should have some know how about precautions as they are in danger circle.
• Should do regular weight bearing and aerobic exercises.
• Should consume adequate amount of calcium food sources.
• Should have adequate exposure to sunlight in order to maintain vitamin-d levels. If sunlight is not available then consult your health guide for supplements.
• Should adapt active lifestyle.
• Should not sit for long time or sit in right posture.